Phobos I AK-129 - History

Phobos I AK-129 - History


(AK-129: dp. 4,023 (It.); 1. 441'7", b. 56'11", dr. 27'7", s. 11 k.; cpl. 332; a. 1 5", 4 40mm., 12 20mm.; cl. Crater;

Phobo' (AK-129) was laid down as Joseph H. Kibbey under Maritime Commission contract by Houston Shipbuilding Corp., Houston, Tex., 25 September 1943, launched 6 November 1943; sponsored by Mrs. J. S. Burrows, and delivered to the Maritime Commission 17 November 1943 for operation by the American Export Lines. Following one cruise as a merchant vessel, Jo$eph H. Kibbey was acquired by the Army Transportation Service for use as a troop transport. While under conversion at ToddJohnson Dry Docks, Ine. New Orleans, she was reassigned to the Navy and named Phoboe 15 January 1944. She was accepted by the Navy 12 June 1944 and commissioned the same day at Algiers, La. Lt. Comdr. Edgar R. Winckler in command.

Phobos steamed to the East Coa t late in June, and, after shakedown in Chesapeake Bay, she loaded dry stores for fleet issue and departed Norfolk 29 JUIY. She transited the Panama Canal 6 August en route to the South Pacific. Arriving Manus, Admiralties, 15 September, she began duty with Service Squadron 10. Assigned to TG 30.9, Phobos supplied ships during final preparations for the impending invasion of the Philippines at Leyte. Thenee, with Marine casualties of the Palaus embarked, she sailed to Noumea, New Caledonia, between 29 October and 7 November.

After replenishing her holds, Phobos departed 18 November and during the rest of the month she provisioned ships of the 7th Fleet in the New Hebrides and New Guinea. On 5 December she returned to Manus where she continued issuing supplies to ships preparing for operations at T.ingayen Gulf Luzon. She completed her duty late in the month and sailed for the United States 29 December with 133 Leyte veterans embarked.

Phobos arrived San Francisco 23 January 1945. After overhaul and loading cargo she deployed to the western Pacific 25 February, via Pearl Harbor and Eniwetok, reaching Ulithi, 24 March. During the next three months she served at this important American base and replenished ships of the 5th Fleet during the Okinawa campaign and strikes on the home islands of Japan. Between 20 June and 5 July, she sailed to Pearl Harbor where she was stocking her holds in preparation for the scheduled invasion of Japan when the Japanese ceased hostilities.

In mid-September Phobos steamed to the Marshalls where she provisioned ships before sailing to the Far East 15 October. She reached Okinawa the 23d and resumed supply operations. Between 4 and 7 November the cargo ship sailed to Japan for fleet issue duty under Service Division 102. During the next month she operated out of Tokyo Bay supplying provisions and medical stores.

Phobos departed for the United States 15 December via Pearl Harbor, arriving San Francisco 7 January 1946. She decommissioned there 22 March 1946 and transferred the same day to the Maritime Commission for delivery to the Coast Guard. Her name was struck from the Naval Register 17 April 1946.


Phobos is one of the two moons that orbits Mars. It is only 3,700 mi/6,000 km above the surface and this is one of the main reasons that astronomers of the past had a difficult time seeing it. The fact is – Phobos is actually getting closer to Mars by 6 ft/1.8 m every century.

Scientists believe that in around 50 million years Phobos will either break up and create a ring around Mars or simply crash into the Red Planet. No other moon in the solar system orbits that close to it parent planet.

Mars has some of the smallest moons in the entire solar system. The two moons, Phobos and Deimos race around the planet at incredible speeds and completes three full orbits each day. Phobos is a bit larger than its brother moon, Deimos and is also slower in its orbit at 30 hours.

Looking at Phobos from the surface of Mars you would see that the moon takes up a huge part of the sky. Both of the moons are tidally locked, with only one face showing as they circle around Mars.

Phobos and Deimos share some similarities in appearance as they are each filled with craters from a lot of impacts, are lumpy looking, and are covered in loose rocks and dust. They are some of the darkest objects in our solar system and scientists think they are made up of carbon-rich rock and ice that may be left over from asteroids.

The Mystery Of Phobos: A ‘Hollow’ Satellite Orbiting Mars?

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Mars’ moon Phobos might turn out to be one of the most mysterious ‘inexplicable’ Satellites in our solar system.

ESA sources recounted “a Phobos’ interior filled with ‘cavernous, geometric rooms … right-angle walls … and floors — detectable via the semi-regular ‘structure of the returning, interior radar echoes …’ as they were impressed upon the reflected MARSIS signals …'”

With all of the enigmatic and mysterious features surrounding Mars’ moon Phobos, numerous researchers have questioned the mysterious origins of this enigmatic satellite orbiting the red planet. Even today, with all of the technology and instruments available to scientists, we have not been able to fully understand, nor explain the origin of this controversial Martian moon.

Was Phobos some sort of engineered Alien ‘outpost’ as some suggest? Was it created by an advanced Martian civilization that inhabited the red planet in the distant past? These are just some of the questions that have been ‘spinning’ around Phobos in the last couple of decades.

There have been numerous reports about Phobos and its enigmatic origin and the truth behind this celestial body might be far more mysterious than we are willing to accept.

According to Dr. S. Fred Singer, special advisor to former President of the United States Eisenhower, Phobos might be an artificial satellite launched into orbit around Mars a long time ago by a highly advanced Martian Civilization.

However, Dr. Singer wasn’t the first and only researchers to suggest such a radical theory about Phobos. In fact, the first similar claims were made by Societ astrophysicist Iosif Samuilovich Shklovsky who firmly believed intelligent design is present within Phobos.

In a February 1960 letter to the journal Astronautics Dr. Singer said the following about the theory proposed by Shklovsky:

„If the satellite is indeed spiraling inward as deduced from astronomical observation, then there is little alternative to the hypothesis that it is hollow and, therefore, Martian made. The big ‘if’ lies in the astronomical observations they may well be in error. Since they are based on several independent sets of measurements taken decades apart by different observers with different instruments, systematic errors may have influenced them.“ (Source: Singer, S. F. Astronautics, February 1960)

Shklovsky based his decision on a long study of Phobos’ peculiar orbit, which other astronomers have noted. The Russian claim has calculations and those of earlier astronomers prove Phobos cannot possibly be an ordinary moon. (Source)

Shklovsky also wrote a book on SETI in 1966 called Intelligent Life in the Universe, a book in which famous astronomer Car Sagan participated in.

The theory proposed by Shklovsky gained further credibility when in 1963, Raymond H. Wilson Jr., Chief of Applied Mathematics at NASA joined the conclusions proposed by Shklovsky and Dr. Singer, concluding that “Phobos might be a colossal base orbiting Mars.”

During the Symposium on Unidentified Flying Objects – Hearing before the Committee on Science and Astronautics, Sagan was asked by Congressman Roush if Shklovsky shared his views. Sagan replied:

“I think he shares my restraint. I think both of us would say we think this is an extremely important subject, that we are on the frontier of being able to find out, but that neither of us knows whether there is or isn’t life out there. Let me say if it turns out there isn’t life on Mars, that is almost as interesting as if we find there is life on Mars, because then we have to ask, what happened differently on Mars than on the Earth so that life arose here and not there. That will surely give us a very profound entry into the question of follow-up of evolution and the cosmic context.” (Source)

The Phobos Monolith

One of the most enigmatic features of Phobos is without a doubt the mysterious monolith on its surface. The boulder of about 85 meters in height is an unidentified geological feature which is believed to consist out of a massive single piece of rock. Nothing in the vicinity of the monolith has a similar shape or size, so the question is, what is it? What is its purpose? And who placed it there? Rumors about the object became so intense that famous “Buzz” entered into the debate.

Buzz Aldrin, the second man to walk on the surface of the moon, surprised many by saying, “We should visit the moon of Mars, there’s a monolith there, a very unusual structure on this little potato shaped object that revolves around Mars once every seven hours. When people find out about that they are going to say, “Who put that there? Who put that there?” Well, the universe put it there, or if you choose God put it there.’

Cydonians and Utopians: The Two dominating Martian Civilizations

Today there are many researchers who have to believe that it’s very likely that in the distant past, the red planet could have supported the development of intelligent life. One of the researchers who shares this opinion is Dr. John Brandenburg, who has a Ph.D. in Theoretical Plasma Physics from the University of California and he is currently working as a plasma physicist at Orbital Technologies in Madison Wisconsin.

According to Dr. John Brandenburg, there is enough evidence to prove that at least two major nuclear blasts went off on the surface of the red planet in the distant past. The theory proposed by Dr. Brandenburg is based on the traces of uranium and thorium that have been registered on the surface of Mars. This Martian civilization was wiped out by another hostile alien race from elsewhere in the universe. Dr. Brandenburg warns that our civilization could face the same faith.

The Hollow Moon

Theories that Phobos is, in fact, a hollow ‘artificial’ satellite go back half a century at least. While this theory has been strongly refused by scientists, mapping of Phobos performed by the Mars Express probe suggest the presence of voids and indicate that it is not a solid chunk of rock but a porous body and researchers have calculated that over 30 percent of Phobos is, in fact, empty suggesting that it isn’t a solid body like many have suggested in the past.

For a Martian moon that is demonstrably 𔄙/3 hollow” … as measured by two totally independent space programs, and separated by

20 years … under any likely astrophysical formation scenario cannot exist as just a “natural” moon. The MARSIS radar imaging experiment — according to “inside” ESA sources recounted “a Phobos’ interior filled with ‘cavernous, geometric rooms … right-angle walls … and floors — detectable via the semi-regular ‘structure of the returning, interior radar echoes …’ as they were impressed upon the reflected MARSIS signals ….'” (Source)

129 este produsul a două numere prime, 3 și 43, ceea ce înseamnă că 129 este un semiprim. Deoarece 3 și 43 sunt ambele numere prime Gaussiene, acest lucru înseamnă că 129 este un număr întreg Blum. [2]

Este numărul atomic al unbienniumului, un element încă nedescoperit.

AGM-129 ACM (Advanced Cruise Missile) a fost o rachetă de croazieră subsonică produsă de General Dynamics.

Submarinul sovietic K-129 (1960) a fost un submarin nuclear al Flotei Sovietice din Pacific care s-a scufundat în 1968.

Nave militare americane: USNS Mission San Miguel (T-AO-129) USS Donald W. Wolf (APD-129) USS Edsall (DE-129) USS Marvin H. McIntyre (APA-129) USS Phobos (AK-129) USS Vital (AM-129).

Agusta A129 Mangusta este un elicopter de atac/antitanc modern, utilizat de Italia.

LZ 129 Hindenburg (Deutsches Luftschiff Zeppelin #129 înregistrare: D-LZ 129) a fost un dirijabil german de mari dimensiuni destinat transportului comercial de pasageri.

Sonetul 129 (Sonnet 129) este unul dintre cele 154 de sonete scrise de William Shakespeare și publicat în 1609. Este considerat unul dintre sonetele Dark Lady.

129 AH este un an din calendarul islamic care corespunde cu 746–747 CE.

Rezoluția 129 a Consiliului de Securitate ONU a fost adoptată în unanimitate la 7 august 1958, într-o sesiune specială de urgență a Adunării Generale. Rezoluția afirmă că aceasta a avut loc ca urmare a lipsei de unanimitate a membrilor săi permanenți la cele 834 și 837 de ședințe ale consiliului, care i-au împiedicat să își exercite responsabilitatea principală pentru menținerea păcii și securității internaționale. [4]

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Phobos, the inner and larger of Mars’s two moons. It was discovered telescopically with its companion moon, Deimos, by the American astronomer Asaph Hall in 1877 and named for one of the sons of Ares, the Greek counterpart of the Roman god Mars. Phobos is a small irregular rocky object with a crater-scarred, grooved surface.

A roughly ellipsoidal body, Phobos measures 26.6 km (16.5 miles) across at its widest point. It revolves once around Mars every 7 hours 39 minutes at an exceptionally close mean distance—9,378 km (5,827 miles)—in a nearly circular orbit that lies only 1° from the planet’s equatorial plane. Because the satellite’s orbital period is less than the rotational period of Mars (24 hours 37 minutes), Phobos moves from west to east in the Martian sky. The long axis of Phobos constantly points toward Mars as with Earth’s Moon, it has a rotational period equal to its orbital period and so keeps the same face to the planet.

The heavily cratered surface of Phobos is covered with a very dark gray regolith (unconsolidated rocky debris) that reflects only about 6 percent of the light falling on it—about one-half that of the Moon’s surface. This fact and the satellite’s low mean density (1.9 grams per cubic cm) are consistent with the composition of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites, suggesting that Phobos may be a captured asteroid-like object. Remarkable linear grooves, typically 100 metres (330 feet) wide and 20 metres (65 feet) deep, cover much of the surface. There is strong evidence that they are associated with the formation of the largest crater on Phobos. This structure, known as Stickney, measures about 10 km (6 miles) across. Precise observations of Phobos’s position over the past century suggest that tidal forces from Mars are slowly pulling the satellite toward the planet. If such is the case, it will collide with Mars in the very distant future.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Robert Lewis, Assistant Editor.

Phobos I AK-129 - History

Papers (1858-1957) of Rev. John C. Wooten including correspondence, clippings, photographs, postcards, printed materials, and ephemera dealing with the American Civil War, telegraph operations, missionary experiences in Japan, Korea, and China, twentieth-century family life, and other topics.

Biographical/historical information

Mr. Joseph T. Walker was the son of William A. and Lydia Walker, and was raised in Wilmington, North Carolina. He was employed as a telegraph operator in North Carolina, Virginia, and Texas. His employers include the American Telegraph Company, The Southern Telegraph Companies, and The Western Union Telegraph Company. During the Civil War he served as telegraph operator for the Confederate States of America, Army of Northern Virginia and Southside. Mr. Walker lived and worked in Wilmington, NC (April 1858, September – December, 1863), Fort Caswell, NC (July – August 1863), Fort Drewry, VA (April 1864 – February 1865), Enfield, NC (August 1866 – February 1867), Liberty, TX (June 1867), and Harrisburg, TX (August 1867). He died of Yellow Fever in Harrisburg, TX on August 28, 1867.

Rev. John C. Wooten was a Methodist Episcopal minister and missionary. He began his ministry in North Carolina after being transferred from California in 1905. He served as the pastor of Edenton Street Methodist Church in Raleigh, NC, and as Elder of the Durham District of the Methodist Episcopal denomination. His wife was named Lydia and they had two daughters named Alice and Julia. Rev. Wooten accompanied Bishop John C. Kilgo of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South and Mrs. Kilgo to Japan, Korea, and China to hold conferences for their denomination in 1917. They left in July, first traveling to Asheville, NC where they took a train to Chicago, IL, and then to San Francisco, CA. From there they took the S.S. SHINYO MARU to Japan. They were aboard the ship from July 28 to August 12, 1917. While in Japan they spent time in Yokohoma, Tokyo, Karuizawa, Kobe, Osaka, and Hiroshima. They spent about a week and a half in Seoul and Wousaw, Korea in mid-September. Next, they returned to Japan for three days before leaving for Shanghai, China. They spent the remainder of their trip in China, and returned to the United States in November, 1917.

Scope and arrangement

The papers consist of records relating to Mr. Joseph T. Walker and Rev. John C. Wooten. To our knowledge these two persons are not related, and we are unsure of the provenance in this respect. Included in this collection is correspondence between Mr. Joseph T. Walker and his sister, Alice Walker (1858 to 1867). This correspondence contains information about Mr. Walker's activities and living conditions as telegraph operator both during and after the Civil War, and general references to the Civil War. In his letter dated May 26, 1864, Mr. Walker specifically discusses events surrounding the recent Union attack on Fort Drewry and Union Major General Butler's subsequent defeat by Confederate infantry under General Beauregard. In some of the letters Mr. Walker writes out Morse Code. The key for this is found at the end of his letter dated August 12, 1863. He also writes "73" on many of his letters and envelopes. This is part of the Phillips Code developed by telegraph operators and means "My compliments" or "Best Regards." There are two telegrams from A. J. Shepherd concerning Mr. Walker's illness and death from Yellow Fever, dated August 28, 1867. There is also one letter that does not relate to Mr. Walker. It is to Harry/Henry(?) Reel from his parents, Jacob and Sarah Anne Reel, dated January 23, 1864.

Also included in the collection is correspondence between Rev. John C. Wooten and his wife, Mrs. J. C. Wooten, while Rev. Wooten was serving as a Methodist Episcopal missionary in Japan, Korea, and China from July to October of 1917. This correspondence contains information regarding Rev. Wooten's activities while in Japan, Korea, and China. There are also general observations of the Japanese (August 19, 1917) and Korean (September 21 and 30, 1917) customs and quality of life. Postcards and a pamphlet entitled, "Gain Or Loss Of A Day In Circumnavigating The Globe" are included with the letters that he wrote while aboard the SS Shinyo Maru , dated July 24 to August 12, 1917. Along with his letter dated August 24, 1917 is a "Program of Annual Meeting, Japan Mission M. E. Church, South at Karuizawa. August 24th – 30th, 1917." Three letters to Mrs. J. C. Wooten from her brother, Joe are also included in this collection (December 31, 1936 January 18, 1937 December 22, 1940). A letter to Rev. Wooten's daughter, Alice, dated August 1941 includes a copy of an article written by Rev. John C. Wooten entitled, "Carolinians on Tour of Orient." It was published in the New and Observer on September 9, 1917.

The remainder of the correspondence is written to Mrs. J. C. Wooten or Miss Alice Wooten from various individuals (June 13, 1944 – December 28, 1957), as well as a contract and receipts from Ivy Coward Building Contractor – Pest Control (1951). There is a graduation announcement for Greenville High School class of 1957, a wedding invitation, and several greeting cards. Of note are the letters from Ens./Lt. (jg.) Harold K. Taylor, Mrs. Wooten's nephew (June 13, 1944 – May 8, 1946). He writes of his duties and life in the Navy aboard the USS Phobos (AK-129). Included with his letter dated November 12, 1945 is a postcard and some Japanese money (50 sen). A newspaper clipping of "Fordham Degree Recipients" was with the letter from Charlie A. Price to Mrs. J. C. Wooten, dated August 10, 1950.

The collection also includes photographs and postcards without correspondence. Two of the photographs were removed from letters to Mrs. J. C. Wooten from Rev. J. C. Wooten. One was removed from the letter dated August 20, 1917 and is of a child. The other was removed from the letter dated August 23, 1917 and is a picture of Rev. J. C. Wooten in Japan. One photograph was removed from Lt. Harold K. Taylor's letter to Mrs. J. C. Wooten dated November 12, 1945. This photograph shows a landscape. The people in the other photographs include Jimmy Hankner, Ruth Hankner, Roy and Lewis Phibbs, and Jimmie, Ruth, and Dave Haucks. The postcards are from Davis House in Beaufort, N.C. First M. E. Church, Church Street, Elizabeth City, N.C. and Public Service Building, Lake Junaluska, N.C. One postcard has a picture of a female child with no description or location given.

Also included in the collection are printed materials relating to both Mr. Joseph T. Walker and Rev. J. C. Wooten. Nineteenth century materials consist of "The Great T Puzzle", and a theatre flier for Camille Or, the Fate of a Coquette (December 12, 1865). There is a dinner menu from the SS Kasuga Maru dated October 7, 1917 a copy of The Book of our Lord with three small pieces of paper with handwritten notes and a War Ration Book issued to Mrs. Lydia Wooten during World War II. Also in this collection are four pieces of printed stationery paper and three printed envelopes gotten by Rev. Wooten while in Japan. All of these contain polychrome images of plants, birds, dragonflies, and irises. One picture shows figures in small boats, a body of water, with a mountain in the background. There are also five empty envelopes addressed to Rev. and/or Mrs. Wooten.

The oversized material is a copy of The Daily Herald, Vol. IV, NO. 281 from Wilmington, N.C., dated Thursday Evening, February 18, 1858. This newspaper has a wedding announcement for Mr. Samuel G. Northrop to Miss Matilda Walker on page two. Miss Matilda Walker was Mr. Joseph T. Walker's sister.

Administrative information
Custodial History

April 27, 2005 0.50 cubic feet Papers (1865-1987, undated) including correspondence, clippings, photographs, printed materials, and ephemera of a Methodist minister serving in Japan, Korea, China, and Mexico, to his wife, Mrs. J. C. Wooten, and daughter, Alice Y. Wooten, and others, of Greenville and Wilmington, NC, etc. Donor: Helen Louise Congleton

Exploration of Phobos

Phobos has been visited by manmade spacecraft’s. Many of these spacecraft’s have photographed Phobos from a close distance and provided great details about its characteristics. In 1969, NASA’s Mariner 7 became the first man made spacecraft to visit the Martian moon.

In 1977, another spacecraft by NASA called the Viking 1 visited Phobos. The Mars Global Surveyor visited Phobos between 1998 and 2003. The Mars Express visited the moon in 2004, 2008 and 2010.

Another mission to visit the Martian moon was the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in 2007. The Spirit Rover took several photographs of the night sky from the surface of Mars on 25 th of August 2005. Both the moons of Mars are clearly visible in the photographs. All of the spacecraft’s were launched by NASA.

In 1988 the Soviet Union launched to space probes called Phobos 1 and Phobos 2. Phobos 1 was accidentally shut down and lost while still in route to the moon. Phobos 2 successfully landed in the Martian system in January 1989 and conducted detailed examination of the moon of Mars.

In November 2011 a sample return spacecraft was launched by the Russian Space Agency. The spacecraft was called the Phobos Grunt. However, after reaching the earth’s orbit the mission could not survive and despite several attempts to save it, failed and crashed onto the surface of the earth and never sent to Mars.

In 1997 and 1998, spacecraft called Aladdin was selected to be launched which was later canceled because of its high budget, and the mission MESSENGER to Mercury was chosen over it.

Many more missions like these have been launched to observe Mars and its moons and the entire Martian system. Several future missions have been proposed as well by space agencies all over the world.

Phobos is also being considered one of the first targets for a human space mission. Looking at the current progress in Astronomy human flight to Mars and its moons could not be that many years away. This would be a great help in discovering more about the planet Mars which has been a part of human curiosity since ancient times.


N ew modeling indicates that the grooves on Mars&rsquo moon Phobos could be produced by tidal forces &ndash the mutual gravitational pull of the planet and the moon. Initially, scientists had thought the grooves were created by the massive impact that made Stickney crater (lower right). Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona


Phobos was discovered on Aug. 17, 1877 by Asaph Hall.


Phobos, gouged and nearly shattered by a giant impact crater and beaten by thousands of meteorite impacts, is on a collision course with Mars.

Phobos is the larger of Mars' two moons and is 17 x 14 x 11 miles (27 by 22 by 18 kilometers) in diameter. It orbits Mars three times a day, and is so close to the planet's surface that in some locations on Mars it cannot always be seen.

Phobos is nearing Mars at a rate of six feet (1.8 meters) every hundred years at that rate, it will either crash into Mars in 50 million years or break up into a ring. Its most prominent feature is the 6-mile (9.7 kilometer) crater Stickney, its impact causing streak patterns across the moon's surface. Stickney was seen by Mars Global Surveyor to be filled with fine dust, with evidence of boulders sliding down its sloped surface.

Phobos and Deimos appear to be composed of C-type rock, similar to blackish carbonaceous chondrite asteroids. Observations by Mars Global Surveyor indicate that the surface of this small body has been pounded into powder by eons of meteoroid impacts, some of which started landslides that left dark trails marking the steep slopes of giant craters.

Measurements of the day and night sides of Phobos show such extreme temperature variations that the sunlit side of the moon rivals a pleasant winter day in Chicago, while only a few kilometers away, on the dark side of the moon, the climate is more harsh than a night in Antarctica. High temperatures for Phobos were measured at 25 degrees Fahrenheit (-4 degrees Celsius) and lows at -170 degrees Fahrenheit (-112 degrees Celsius). This intense heat loss is likely a result of the fine dust on Phobos' surface, which is unable to retain heat.

Phobos has no atmosphere. It may be a captured asteroid, but some scientists show evidence that contradicts this theory.

How Phobos Got its Name

Hall named Mars' moons for the mythological sons of Ares, the Greek counterpart of the Roman god, Mars. Phobos, whose name means fear is the brother of Deimos.


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Watch the video: The Phobos Incident - We Are Not Alone