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The find was made in Kalkriese, site of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, which took place more than 2,000 years ago.
An almost complete set of Roman armor was found by archaeologists on Kalkriese Hill, where the first century battle of the teutoburg forestThe Kalkriese Archaeological Park and Museum announced this Friday.
The researchers detailed that one of the most important pieces is a cuirass, which protected the front and back of the torso, composed of a chest plate and a back plate. It is the "best preserved and currently oldest known example of this type of armor in the Roman world."
The cuirass was found in 2018 during excavations carried out by the museum and the University of Osnabrück. However, in the course of their work, the team of researchers came across an "unusually high" concentration of findings.
Next to the shoulders of a legionnaire they discovered a type of pillory that was used to hold the wrists of a prisoner in an iron plate that surrounded his neck. According to experts, the findings suggest that the soldier died at the battle site, however, "for the moment, one can only speculate about the circumstances surrounding his death," the statement reads.
At Kalkriese, the Romans suffered a serious defeat to a confederation of Germanic tribes in AD 9. Publius Quintilio Varo, governor of the province of Germania Magna, lost three complete legions and his own life in an ambush organized by the leader Arminio.
This defeat shocked the society of ancient Rome, since decades later the historian Suetonius wrote that Augustus shouted months later: "Quintili Vare, legiones redde" ("Quintilius Varus, give me back my legions", in Latin).