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The Codex Amiatinus is the oldest surviving codex from the Vulgate, the Latin translation of the Bible by Saint Jerome in the 4th century.
To locate ourselves, the Codex Amiatinus was one of the three Vulgatas made in the Benedictine monastery of Wearmouth-Jarrow, in the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria, in the 8th century.
It was a gift for him Pope Gregory IIAlthough the abbot in charge of taking him to Rome in 716 died during the journey.
The codex was lost until its reappearance in the 9th century in the Abbey of El Salvador, on Mount Amiata (hence its name), in the Italian region of Tuscany.
It remained there until 1786, when moved to the Laurentian Library in Florence, your current location.
Characteristics of the Codex Amiatinus
Among its illuminated pages stands out especially a representation of the scribe Ezra (in the image), a strange choice for a Vulgate, which usually includes the image of Saint Jerome translating the Bible.
The codex is preserved in a single, huge tome that measures 49 x 34 x 18 cm and weighs 34 kilos.
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