Who was Cronus (Saturn) in Greek mythology? Biography of Zeus's father

Who was Cronus (Saturn) in Greek mythology? Biography of Zeus's father


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Cronos was the main Titan and the youngest of the first generation of Titans, divine descendants of Gea (the Earth) and Uranus (the Sky).

The 12 Primal Titans were: Ocean, Ceo, Cryo, Hyperion, Iapetus and Cronos (male), and Thetis, Teya, Themis, Mnemosine, Phoebe and Rea (female).

The fate of Uranus

Greek mythology and especially the Theogony of Hesiod, tell us that Uranus, by fate, knew that one of their sons was going to dethrone them, With which, barely born she held them in her mother's womb so they wouldn't see the light.

Geaindignant with Uranus, she incited her children to rebel against their father, but only Cronos had the courage to face it.

To the, Gaea would give him a sickle with which he should attack his father. Chronos saw the opportunity when Uranus was distracted and castrated him in one move..

Uranus's testicles would fall into the sea, from which Aphrodite would be born and from the semen that fell on the ground, the giants and the Nereids would be born. Chronos dropped the sickle into the sea, which would become the corfu island.

At the same time, locked the Cyclops and the Hecatonchires in Tartarus.

Chronos: the supreme god

In this way Cronos, married to his sister Rea, would initiate the Second Dynasty of Greek gods, which was called "the golden age" because no one did the wrong thing and everyone lived together in harmony.

However, he himself would be subject to the same hereditary curse, which would affect his children.

His mother Gaea was the one who warned him that one of his sons would dethrone him, just as he did with his father.

The sons of Cronos

Chronos, being afraid of this prophecy, would decide to swallow his children as soon as they were born, he did so with Hestia, Hera, Demeter, Hades and Poseidon.

Rhea, tired of Cronos devouring her children, listened to the advice of Gaia, who ordered her to hide him from her father when she gave birth to your sixth child, while giving Cronos a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes.

The birth of Zeus

And so when the sixth child was born, Zeus, Rea did what Gea recommended. Cronos, as soon as he received the stone, swallowed it believing that it was his son, while Zeus was hidden in a cave.

Zeus grew up and when he was old enough, faced his father giving him an elixir that, as soon as Cronos drank, he began to vomit his children in the order in which they were the reverse of the one in which they were devoured: first the stone, then Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, Hera and Hestia.

At that moment a great war started,the Titanomachy, between the new gods, Zeus and his brothers, and the old gods, Chronos and the Titans, for control of the cosmos.

In the tenth year of that war and following the advice of Gaea,Zeus freed the Hundred Hecatonchires, who joined the war against the Titans by helping Zeus.

Zeus fired his thunderbolt at the Titans, defeating them and throwing them into Tartarus.

The final threat to the power of Zeus was the monsterTyphoon, son of Gaia and Tartarus, but the god with his lightning quickly defeated him and Typhoon was also imprisoned in Tartarus.

After the battle and on the advice of Gaia, Zeus was crowned as the supreme God, thus replacing Cronos.

Cover image: Stock Photos / delcarmat / Shutterstock.


Video: Cronus: The Terrible Titan Greek Mythology Explained