Medieval society. What is feudalism?

Medieval society. What is feudalism?

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To understand what the feudalism, we must know a little more about the society of the Middle Ages.

The manifestations of medieval life and society are marked by two very clear influences, on the one hand, the ancient christian roman, which combines Greco-Latin and Judeo-Christian aspects, and on the other, the ways of life of the Germanic peoples.

With the church intervention, this confrontation leads to the assimilation of a part of the ancient culture.

On the Greco-Latin side, it is accepted the Latin as a study and communication language, in addition to adopting part of the Roman law and administration.

On the German side, certain forms of commercial life are adopted and, especially, the exploitation of large estates.

From here the social organization is taken, based on a very marked division between nobility, free men and serfs.

What is feudalism?

The medieval society is a pyramidal organization that revolves around the fiefdom.

What is the fiefdom?

The feudum Latin, it was donated as a reward, and the warrior who received it had the obligation to protect the domain of his sovereign, and to help him in case he needed it.

In this way, the warrior becomes the lord of the fiefdom, around which he regrouped small owners and peasants to whom he offered protection in exchange for a part of their crops, and for his armed service if the case arose.

This system, in turn, allowed the lord of the fiefdom to provide arms, horses and soldiers to his sovereign, who was the supreme lord.

In this way, a pyramid based on fidelity and obedience, governed by dependency relationships.

The feud becomes hereditary and the work of the servants, ensured the sustenance of all.

A social organization of this scale does not allow the construction of a central power, with which small units of power begin to proliferate that would later become stately domains.

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