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Ajaccio Napoleon Bonaparte Airport
Ajaccio Napoleon Bonaparte Airport (French: Aéroport d’Ajaccio-Napoléon-Bonaparte, Corsican: Aeruportu di Aiacciu Nabulione Buonaparte IATA: AJA, ICAO: LFKJ), formerly "Campo dell'Oro Airport", is the main airport serving Ajaccio on the French island of Corsica. It is located in Ajaccio, a commune of the département of Southern Corsica, 5 km (3.1 mi 2.7 nmi) east of the harbour.  The airport is the main base of regional airline Air Corsica, which operates services to Metropolitan France. It is named for Napoleon Bonaparte, who was born in Ajaccio.
Both the airport and the island's main town of Gustavia are named after King Gustav III of Sweden, under whom Sweden obtained the island from France in 1784 (it was sold back to France in 1878). In 1984, the Swedish Minister of Communications, Hans Gustafsson, inaugurated the terminal building of the Gustaf III Airport. In 2015 the airport got the name Aéroport de Saint-Barthélemy-Rémy-de-Haenen, named after Rémy de Haenen, an aviation pioneer and later mayor of Saint Barthélemy [fr] . 
The airport is served by small regional commercial aircraft and charters. Most visiting aircraft carry fewer than twenty passengers, such as the Twin Otter, a common sight throughout the northern West Indies and as a curiosity, the Canadian-built de Havilland Dash 7 is the largest aircraft ever allowed to operate at this airport. The short airstrip is at the base of a gentle slope ending directly on the beach. The arrival descent is extremely steep over the hilltop traffic circle departing planes fly right over the heads of sunbathers (although small signs advise sunbathers not to lie directly at the end of the runway). The airport is located at the island's second-largest town, St. Jean. The most common aircraft flying in for commercial service are the Pilatus PC-12, Cessna 208B Grand Caravan, de Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter, and Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander.
Nortel Networks Inc. ("NNI") and fourteen of its subsidiaries filed for bankruptcy on January 14, 2009.
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Hamachi was purchased by LogMeIn in 2009.
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In 2009, Triton Digital acquired Spacial and is now a part of the Triton Digital family of companies.
Joe Biden's wife and daughter killed in car accident
On December 18, 1972, a few weeks after the election, Biden's wife and one-year-old daughter were killed in an automobile accident while Christmas shopping in Hockessin, Delaware.
Neilia Biden's station wagon was hit by a tractor-trailer as she pulled out from an intersection the truck driver was cleared of any wrongdoing. Biden's two sons, Beau and Hunter, were critically injured in the accident, but both eventually made full recoveries. Biden considered resigning to care for them he was persuaded not to by Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield and others and was sworn into office from one of their bedsides. The accident left Biden filled with both anger and religious doubt: "I liked to [walk around seedy neighborhoods] at night when I thought there was a better chance of finding a fight . I had not known I was capable of such rage . I felt God had played a horrible trick on me."
To be at home every day for his young sons, Biden began the practice of commuting every day by Amtrak train for 1½ hours each way from his home in the Wilmington suburbs to Washington, D.C., which he continued to do throughout his Senate career. In the aftermath of the accident, he had trouble focusing on work, and appeared to just go through the motions of being a senator. In his memoirs, Biden notes that staffers were taking bets on how long he would last. A single father for five years, Biden left standing orders that he be interrupted in the Senate at any time if his sons called. In remembrance of his wife and daughter, Biden does not work on December 18, the anniversary of the accident.
Joe Biden never works on Dec.18.
It was one week before Christmas 1972, and the senator-elect from Delaware awaited his first term. There was plenty to celebrate as his wife and three kids left home to find a Christmas tree.
Biden was already in Washington. It was his sister Val who took the phone call, her face drained of color when she hung up and told him of "a slight accident."
Biden thought immediately of his wife, Neilia. "She's dead, isn't she?" the politician asked.
As the Bidens were driving home in the family station wagon, their tree picked out, they were broad sided by a tractor-trailer. Neilia was killed, along with 13-month-old daughter, Naomi.
I really admire this passage from Joe Biden's memoir, Promises to Keep. It's about the sudden death of his wife, Neilia (above), and their baby daughter Naomi in a car accident shortly after his election to the Senate in 1992. It is defiantly not an explication of the power of faith, but rather an honest -- and politically risky -- description of what it really felt like. His faith returned later, but I think anyone who has been through horrific tragedy will appreciate the honesty here:
They flew us to Wilmington, but I didn't know anything for sure until I got to the hospital. All the way up, I kept telling myself that everything was going to be okay, that I was letting my imagination run away with me, but the minute I got to the hospital and saw Jimmy's face, I knew the worst had happened. Beau, Hunt and Naomi had been in the car with Neilia when the accident happened. Neilia had been killed and so had our baby daughter. The boys were both alive, but Beau had a lot of broken bones and hunt had injuries. The doctors couldn't rule out permanent damage. I could not speak, only felt this hollow core grow in my chest, like I was gong to be sucked inside a black hole.
The first few days I felt trapped in a constant twilight of vertigo, like in the dream where you're suddenly falling. only I was constantly falling. In moments of fitful sleep I was aware of the dim possibility that I would wake up, truly wake up, and this would not have happened. But then I'd open my eyes to the sight of my sons in their hospital beds -Beau in a full body cast--and it was back. And as consciousness gathered again, I could always feel at least one other physical present in the room--and there would be Val, or my mom, or Jimmy. They never left my side. I have no memory of ever being physically alone.
Most of all I was numb, but there were moments when the pain cut through like a shard of broken class. I began to understand how despair led people to just cash it in how suicide wasn't just an option but a rational option. But I'd look at Beau and Hunter asleep and wonder what new terrors their own dreams held, and wonder who would explain to my sons my being gone, too. And I knew I had no choice but to fight to stay alive.
Except for the memorial service, I stayed in the hospital room with my sons. My life collapsed into their needs. If I could focus on what they needed minute by minute, I thought I might stay out of the black hole. My future was telescoped into the effort of putting one foot in front of the other. The horizon faded fro my view. Washington, politics, the Senate had no hold on me. I was supposed to be sworn into the Senate in two weeks, but I could not bear to image the scene without Neilia.
There was good news: The doctors assured us that Beau and Hunter would make full recoveries. Beau's bones would mend. Hunter had no brain impairment. But Christmas passed with the boys in the hospital, and I began to feel my anger. When the boys were asleep or when Val or Mom was taking a turn at their bedside, I'd bust out of the hospital and go walking the nearby streets. Jimmy would go with me, and I'd steer him wordlessly down into the darkest and seediest neighborhoods I could find. I liked to go at night when I thought there was a better chance of finding a fight. I was always looking for a fight. I had not known I was capable of such rage. I knew I had been cheated out of a future, but I felt I'd been cheated of a past, too.
The underpinnings of my life had been kicked out from under me. and it wasn't just the loss of Neilia and Naomi. All my life, I'd been taught about our benevolent God. This is a forgiving God who is tolerant. This is a God who gave us free will to be able to doubt. This was a loving God, a God of comfort. Well, I didn't want to hear anything about a merciful God. No words, no prayer, no sermon gave me ease. I felt God had played a horrible trick on me, and I was angry. I found no comfort in the Church. So I kept walking the dark streets to try to exhaust the rage."
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Pablo Escobar, in full Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria, (born December 1, 1949, Rionegro, Colombia—died December 2, 1993, Medellín), Colombian criminal who, as head of the Medellín cartel, was arguably the world’s most powerful drug trafficker in the 1980s and early ’90s.
Soon after his birth, Escobar’s family—his father was a farmer and his mother a schoolteacher—moved to Envigado, Colombia, a suburb of Medellín. While still a teenager, he began a life of crime. His early illegal activities included selling fake diplomas, smuggling stereo equipment, and stealing tombstones to resell. Escobar also stole cars, and it was this offense that resulted in his first arrest, in 1974. As the cocaine industry grew in Colombia—thanks in part to its proximity to Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia, major growers of coca, from which cocaine is derived—Escobar became involved in drug smuggling. In the mid-1970s he helped found the crime organization that later became known as the Medellín cartel. His notable partners included the Ochoa brothers: Juan David, Jorge Luis, and Fabio. Escobar served as head of the organization, which focused largely on the production, transport, and sale of cocaine.
By the mid-1980s the Medellín cartel dominated the cocaine trade, with Escobar wielding incredible power and wealth. According to some reports, he was worth approximately $25 billion, which supported a lavish lifestyle that included a 7,000-acre (2,800-hectare) estate called Hacienda Nápoles (named after Naples, Italy) in Colombia. It reportedly cost $63 million and featured a soccer field, dinosaur statues, artificial lakes, a bullfighting arena, an airstrip, and a tennis court. The property also had a zoo that housed giraffes, hippopotamuses, and camels, among other animals. In addition, Escobar funded various projects to aid the poor, earning him comparisons to Robin Hood. That perception helped him win election to an alternate seat in the country’s Congress in 1982.
However, such philanthropic works were offset by Escobar’s well-known ruthlessness. He handled problems with “plata o plomo,” meaning “silver” (bribes) or “lead” (bullets). In addition to rival drug traffickers, notably in the Cali cartel, his victims included government officials, policemen, and civilians. In 1989 the cartel reportedly placed a bomb aboard an airplane in an attempt to kill an alleged informant. More than 100 people were killed. The threats of extradition to the United States—which, as the destination of most of the cartel’s drugs, had come to view Escobar as a top target in its war on drugs—drew even greater retaliation from Escobar, who reportedly said that he “would rather have a grave in Colombia than a jail cell in the U.S.”
Amid the growing bloodshed, a massive manhunt was undertaken to find Escobar, while the government also began negotiations for his surrender. In June 1991, on the same day that the Colombian Congress voted to forbid extradition in the country’s new constitution, Escobar surrendered and was subsequently jailed. His imprisonment, however, had little effect on his criminal activities and his lifestyle. He was allowed to build a luxurious prison, which became known as La Catedral. Not only did the facility include a nightclub, sauna, waterfall, and soccer field, it also had telephones, computers, and fax machines. However, after Escobar tortured and killed two cartel members at La Catedral, officials decided to move him to a less-accommodating prison. Before he could be transferred, Escobar escaped custody in July 1992. The Colombian government—reportedly aided by U.S. officials and rival drug traffickers—launched a manhunt. On December 2, 1993, Escobar celebrated his 44th birthday, allegedly enjoying cake, wine, and marijuana. The next day his hideout in Medellín was discovered. While Colombian forces stormed the building, Escobar and a bodyguard managed to get to the roof. A chase and gunfight ensued, and Escobar was fatally shot. Some, however, speculated that he took his own life. After he died, the Medellín cartel soon collapsed.
A larger-than-life figure, Escobar inspired numerous books, movies, and TV projects in the decades after his death.
Marilyn Monroe is found dead
On August 5, 1962, movie actress Marilyn Monroe is found dead in her home in Los Angeles. She was discovered lying nude on her bed, face down, with a telephone in one hand. Empty bottles of pills, prescribed to treat her depression, were littered around the room. After a brief investigation, Los Angeles police concluded that her death was used by a self-administered overdose of sedative drugs and that the mode of death is probable suicide.”
Marilyn Monroe was born Norma Jeane Mortenson in Los Angeles on June 1, 1926. Her mother was emotionally unstable and frequently confined to an asylum, so Norma Jeane was reared by a succession of foster parents and in an orphanage. At the age of 16, she married a fellow worker in an aircraft factory, but they divorced a few years later. She took up modeling in 1944 and in 1946 signed a short-term contract with 20th Century Fox, taking as her screen name Marilyn Monroe. She had a few bit parts and then returned to modeling, famously posing nude for a calendar in 1949.
She began to attract attention as an actress in 1950 after appearing in minor roles in the The Asphalt Jungle and All About Eve. Although she was onscreen only briefly playing a mistress in both films, audiences took note of the blonde bombshell, and she won a new contract from Fox. Her acting career took off in the early 1950s with performances in Love Nest (1951), Monkey Business (1952), and Niagara (1953). Celebrated for her voluptuousness and wide-eyed charm, she won international fame for her sex-symbol roles in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953), and There’s No Business Like Show Business (1954). The Seven-Year Itch (1955) showcased her comedic talents and features the classic scene where she stands over a subway grating and has her white skirt billowed up by the wind from a passing train. In 1954, she married baseball great Joe DiMaggio, attracting further publicity, but they divorced eight months later.
State History of MLDA 21
The repeal of prohibition by the 21st Amendment on Dec. 5, 1933 allowed each state to set its own alcohol consumption laws. At that time, most states established the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) for alcohol at 21 years of age. Following the July 1, 1971 passage of the 26th Amendment, which lowered the legal voting age from 21 to 18 years of age, 30 US states lowered their MLDA to 18, 19, or 20 by 1982, only 14 states still had an MLDA of 21.
The enactment of the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984 (56 KB) prompted states to raise their legal age for purchase or public possession of alcohol to 21 or risk losing millions in federal highway funds. By 1988, all 50 states had raised their MLDA to 21.
California (1933) and Oregon (1933) have the nation’s oldest MLDA 21 laws while South Dakota (Apr. 1, 1988) and Wyoming (July 1, 1988) have the most recent MLDA 21 laws.
The charts below show the date on which the MLDA 21 laws became effective in each state.
Ohio History Timeline
Around 13,000 BCE, the early hunting and gathering people live in the area now known as Ohio in the last centuries of the Ice Age, hunting now-extinct species such as mammoth and mastodon. Coming upon 8000-500 BCE, the Archaic hunters and gatherers find new ways to harvest Ohio's bounty as the climate warms and thick forests grow across the area. And from 800 BCE - 100, the Adena people become Ohio's first farmers, growing plants such as sunflowers and squash. Many of their thousands of burial mounds have survived in Ohio- the Serpent Mound in Adams County is the largest effigy mound in the U.S.
Initially colonized by French fur traders, Ohio became a British colonial possession following the French and Indian War in 1754. At the end of the American Revolution, Britain ceded control of the territory to the newly formed United States, which incorporated it into the Northwest Territory. Ohio became a state on March 1, 1803, although no formal declaration was made until 1953, when President Dwight Eisenhower officially signed the documents making it a state, retroactive to the original date.
17th Century Ohio History Timeline
1670 - Rene-Robert Cavelier explores and claims the Ohio region for France
18th Century Ohio History Timeline
1750 - The Ohio Company of Virginia claims the Ohio region for England
1763 - French surrender's claim to Ohio to Britain
1787 - Ohio becomes part of the Northwest Territory
1795 - Treaty of Greenville ends the Indian Wars in Ohio
1788 - April 7 - Marietta was Ohio's first permanent settlement. It was founded in 1788 by General Rufus Putnam and named in honor of Marie Antoinette, then queen of France
19th Century Ohio History Timeline
1800 - The Division Act creates the Indian Territory
1802 - Congress authorizes formation of a state government in Ohio.
1803 - March 1 - Ohio admitted to the Union as the 17th state. Chillicothe is named state capital.
1804 - Ohio University, founded in 1804 in Athens, was the first university in Ohio and the Northwest Territory.
1810 - Zanesville named state capitol.
1811 - Tecumseh defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
1812 - Fort Meigs constructed to protect Ohio from invasion during the War of 1812
1813 - British defeat in the Battle of Lake Erie
1816 - Columbus named state capitol.
1817 - The first abolitionist newspaper, The Philanthropist, is published in Mt. Pleasant.
- The National Road reaches St. Clairsville.
- Construction on the Miami and Erie canals begins.
1832 - Ohio and Erie canals are completed.
1833 - The nation's first interracial, coeducational college, Oberlin College, was founded in Oberlin in 1833.
1834 - The Ohio Anti-Slavery Society is founded in Zanesville.
1835 - Boundary disputes between Michigan and Ohio cause the Toledo War
1840 - William Henry Harrison, from North Bend, elected president.
1842 - The Wyandottes, Ohio's last Indian tribe, leave Ohio
1849 - The first Ohio State Fair opens.
- Ohio leads all states in corn, horses, sheep and wool production.
- The second US Women's Rights Convention is held in Salem.
1851 - Current Ohio Constitution adopted.
1859 - John Brown, an abolitionist from Akron, leads raid on Harper's Ferry, VA.
1861-1865 - Civil War , Ohio fought for the Union but the state showed mixed feelings toward slavery.
1861 - Ohio Statehouse completed.
1863 - The Battle of Buffington Island becomes the only Civil War battle in Ohio.
1868 - Ulysses S. Grant, from Point Pleasant, is elected president.
- Cincinnati Redstockings become the first fully professional baseball team.
- W. F. Semple of Mount Vernon patented chewing gum
1873 - Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College opens.
1876 - Rutherford B. Hayes, from Delaware, is elected president.
1878 - James Ritty of Dayton developed the first cash register.
1879 - Cleveland became the world's first city to be lighted
electrically in 1879 when Charles Brush successfully demonstrated arc lights on the streets.
1880 - James Garfield, from Orange, is elected president.
1888 - Benjamin Harrison, from North Bend, is elected president.
1892 - Cedar Point opens its first roller coaster.
1896 - In Marietta, John Gilman first used x-rays in surgery.
1898 - Henry Timken of Canton developed the roller bearing.
1891 - John Lambert of Ohio City made America's first automobile.
20th Century Ohio History Timeline
1902 - Ohio flag adopted by Ohio Legislature.
1903 - The Wright Brothers, a pair of bicycle shop owners from Dayton, became the first in flight
1903 - Ohio celebrates centennial.
1908 - William Howard Taft, from Cincinnati, is elected president.
1911 - Charles Kettering of Loudonville invented the first automobile self-starter in 1911.
1913 - Spring floods kill 428 people.
1914 - The Ohio Conservancy Act permits formation of watershed districts.
1917 - US enters World War I. About 6,800 Ohio soldiers will be killed.
1920 - Warren G. Harding, from Corsica, is elected president.
1921 - The Bing Act passes, requiring students to remain in school until graduation or age 18.
1923 - Garrett Morgan of Cleveland invented the first traffic light.
1925 - The dirigible Shenandoah crashes near Alva, killing 14 people.
1934 - The first state sales tax is imposed at 3 percent.
1937 - The Ohio River floods, leaving 750,000 people homeless.
1938 - Roy J. Plunkett of New Carlisle invented Teflon.
1941 - US enters World War II about 20,000 Ohio servicemen will be killed.
1946 - The US Air Force chooses Chuck Yeager, a pilot instructor at Wright Field, to test its first rocket aircraft, breaking the sound barrier in 1947.
1949 - The Ohio Department of Natural Resources is created by the Legislature.
1953 - Congress discovers it neglected to officially recognize Ohio's statehood and passes a formal resolution declaring Ohio's entry into the Union as March 1, 1803.
1955 - The Ohio Turnpike is completed.
1958 - "With God all Things are Possible" becomes the state motto.
- The Ohio Civil Rights Commission is created to eliminate employment discrimination.
- St. Lawrence Seaway opened
- Terms of some state officials are increased from two to four years
1962 - John Glenn from New Concord was the first American to orbit the Earth in 1962.
1963 - Professional Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton.
1967 - Great Seal of Ohio is standardized.
1969 - July 20, Neil Armstrong of Wapakoneta became the first man to walk on the moon.
1970 - Four Kent State University students killed by National Guard gunfire during Vietnam War protests.
1971 - State income tax is adopted.
1973 - Ohio State Lottery approved by Ohio voters.
1974 - Xenia tornado kills 34 people.
1976 - Ohio's last commuter train is shut down
1977 - natural gas shortage occurred in severe weather conditions
1983 - Marysville Honda plant dedicated.
1986 - Astronaut Judith Resnick, of Akron, dies in the Challenger space shuttle explosion.
1990 - Ohioans struggle through the economic downturn of the 1980s the 1990 Census reports a slow 0.5% population increase
1995 - Rock and Roll Hall of Fame opens in Cleveland.
1995 - The Bosnian Peace Agreement is signed at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.
1998 - John Glenn at age 77, he became the oldest American to travel into space.
21st Century Ohio History Timeline
- Ohio ranked in the top ten in the country for growing corn, oats, winter wheat, soybeans, sweet corn, tomatoes, cucumbers, grapes, strawberries raising chickens, hogs and pigs and producing maple syrup and many dairy products.
- New York terrorist attacks led to flurry of anti-terrorist activities throughout Ohio
- steam engine explosion at fair killed four, injured 49
2002 - Former representative, James Traficant, sentenced to eight-year prison term for corruption
2003 - Electric faults in Cleveland caused power outages to 50 million
2006 - Voters passed smoking ban in public places
- Six bodies found in home of convicted sex offender in Cleveland
- Nazi war crimes suspect John Demjanjuk, deported to Germany from Cleveland home
- environmental activist, Marie Mason, sentenced to 22 years in prison for arson, property damage
2010 - Three Ohio pension funds filed class action lawsuit against American International Group for fraud, resulted in $725 million fine
On the iPhone and iPad, Safari is the default browser. To not record a browser history, you can stay in Private mode while surfing. When you do have a history to delete, go to Settings > Safari > Clear History & Website Data. Doing takes out the history, cookies, and other data. Plus, if the phone is signed into iCloud, it clears the history on iCloud, as well as on other devices hooked into that iCloud account.
If you want to only delete data for select sites, go back to Settings > Safari and scroll down to Advanced > Website Data. After it loads (it can take a while) you'll see a list of every website you've visited&mdashand probably a lot you didn't, because it also records the sites serving third-party cookies. Tap Edit > [minus symbol] next to each to delete, or just swipe left on each one.