This Day in History: 10/03/1995 - O.J. Simpson Aquitted

This Day in History: 10/03/1995 - O.J. Simpson Aquitted

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On this day in 1995, at the end of a sensational trial, former football star O.J. Simpson is acquitted of the brutal 1994 double murder of his estranged wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend, Ronald Goldman. In the epic 252-day trial, Simpson's "dream team" of lawyers employed creative and controversial methods to convince jurors that Simpson's guilt had not been proved "beyond a reasonable doubt," thus surmounting what the prosecution called a "mountain of evidence" implicating him as the murderer.

O.J. Simpson

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O.J. Simpson, in full Orenthal James Simpson, (born July 9, 1947, San Francisco, California, U.S.), American collegiate and professional gridiron football player who was a premier running back known for his speed and elusiveness. His trial on murder charges in 1995 was one of the most celebrated criminal trials in American history.

What is O.J. Simpson famous for?

O.J. Simpson was an American football player known for his speed and elusiveness. As a collegiate player, he was named All-American (1967–68), played in two Rose Bowl games, and won the Heisman Trophy (1968). His trial on murder charges in 1995 was one of the most celebrated criminal trials in American history.

Why was O.J Simpson called "Juice"?

O.J. Simpson was often called “Juice” because of his energetic runs and because his initials could stand for orange juice.

What is O.J. Simpson's full name?

O.J. Simpson's full name is Orenthal James Simpson.

What was O.J. Simpson convicted of in 2007?

In 2007 O.J. Simpson was arrested and charged with several crimes, including armed robbery and kidnapping. A jury found him guilty of all charges in 2008, and he was sentenced to a minimum of nine years in prison.

What was O.J. Simpson charged with in 1994?

On June 12, 1994, O.J. Simpson's ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman were stabbed to death outside her home in Los Angeles. Simpson was arrested and charged with the two murders on June 17. He pleaded not guilty, and in 1995 he was acquitted.

Simpson played football at Galileo High School in San Francisco, first as a tackle and then as a fullback. He attended San Francisco City College (1965–66) to achieve a scholastic record that allowed him to play at the University of Southern California (USC), where he set team records for yards gained by rushing: 1967, 1,415 yards 1968, 1,709 yards. He was named All-American (1967–68), played in two Rose Bowl games, and won the Heisman Trophy as the best collegiate player of the season (1968). At USC he was also a member of a world-record-setting 440-yard relay team.

Simpson, who was often called “Juice” because of his energetic runs and because his initials could stand for “orange juice,” was the number one draft choice of the American Football League (AFL) Buffalo Bills in 1969. The following year the AFL merged with the National Football League (NFL). The Bills were members of the American Football Conference (AFC) of the NFL when Simpson set a single-season record for yards gained rushing (2,003) in 1973. The Bills were never a contending team during his stay, but he was a great box-office draw. Injuries to his knees prompted the Bills to trade him in 1978 to the San Francisco 49ers, but he retired after the 1979 season. His 1975 record of most touchdowns scored in a season (23) stood until 1983, and his 1973 season rushing record for most yards gained lasted until 1984, when it was broken by Eric Dickerson. Simpson led the AFC in rushing yardage four times (1972–73, 1975–76). His career total yards gained (11,236) was second in the all-time rankings at the time of his retirement. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1985.

After retiring from football, Simpson became a film and television actor and sports commentator. On June 12, 1994, his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman were stabbed to death outside her home in Los Angeles. Simpson was arrested and charged with the two murders on June 17 he pleaded not guilty and hired a team of prominent lawyers to handle his defense. His lengthy nationally televised trial became the focus of unprecedented media scrutiny. A jury acquitted Simpson of the murder charges on October 3, 1995. In a separate civil trial decision in 1997, he was found liable for the deaths of his ex-wife and Goldman and was ordered to pay $33.5 million in damages to the families. Simpson later collaborated (with Pablo F. Fenjves) on If I Did It, in which he hypothesized about how he would have committed the murders. Public outrage prevented its initial publication in 2006, but a bankruptcy court subsequently awarded the book’s rights to the Goldman family, who released the work in 2007.

Later that year, Simpson was arrested after he and several other men entered a Las Vegas hotel room and took memorabilia items that Simpson claimed had been stolen from him. The incident resulted in Simpson being charged with a number of crimes, including armed robbery and kidnapping. On October 3, 2008, a jury found him guilty of all charges. He was later sentenced to a minimum of nine years in prison, with a possible maximum sentence of 33 years. Simpson was granted parole in 2017.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Adam Augustyn, Managing Editor, Reference Content.

On this day in history

1650: The English parliament declares its rule over the fledgling American colonies.

1778: Captain Cook anchors off Alaska.

1899: J.S. Thurman patents a motor-driven vacuum cleaner.

1922: The 1st facsimile photo (fax) was sent over city telephone lines in Washington, DC.

1935: Italy invades Ethiopia.

1947: A telescope lens 200 inches (508 cm) in diameter is completed.

1952: The first video recording on magnetic tape is made in Los Angeles, California.

1970: Baseball umpires call their first strike.

1977: Indira Gandhi is arrested.

1991: South African author Nadine Gordimer is named winner of the Nobel Prize in literature.

1993: Boris Yeltsin declares a state of emergency in Moscow, as fighting erupted in the streets between pro- and anti-Yeltsin forces. Sixty-two people die in the violence.

1994: South African President Nelson Mandela addresses the United Nations, urging the world to support his country's economy.

1995: Former American football star O.J. Simpson is acquitted of the 1994 double murder of his estranged wife Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman.

1997: In Japan an experimental magnetically-levitated train, the MLX01, sets a world speed record when it reaches 279.6 mph on a test track.

2003: Pakistan test-launches a missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead.

LIttle Known Black History Fact: O.J. Simpson

The murder trial of former football legend O.J. Simpson was one for the ages. The explosive trial was one of the biggest media event of the 󈨞’s, concluding with Simpson being acquitted on this day in 1995. Thirteen years later to the exact day, Simpson was convicted of a second crime after a botched armed robbery.

Simpson was suspect number one in the murder of his wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend, waiter Ronald Goldman. The tumultuous union between the Simpson eventually split them apart, and the trial highlighted many of their domestic issues. Coupled with Simpson’s erratic behavior, including the infamous Ford Bronco highway chase, the entire nation assumed that Mrs. Simpson and Mr. Goldman’s families would find justice.

On October 3, 1995, Simpson was acquitted based on the work of defense attorney, the late Johnny Cochran. Also on Simpson’s defense team was the late Robert Kardashian. During the trial, Cochran’s infamous “if it doesn’t fit, you must acquit” line regarding a pair of gloves found on the murder scene not fitting Simpson’s hand became a buzz item. Many analysts believe that this was the turning point for the trial.

In September 2007, Simpson was charged with breaking into a Las Vegas hotel room and stealing sports memorabilia that he claimed belonged to him. Several co-defendants testified and took varying plea deals which ended with Simpson serving a 33-year sentence. He is currently housed in the Lovelock Correctional Facility in Nevada.

On This Day: O.J. Simpson acquitted of murder charges

Oct. 3 (UPI) -- On this date in history:

In 1919, Cincinnati Reds pitcher Dolf Luque becomes the first Latino player to appear in a World Series. Luque was born in Havana, Cuba on Aug. 4, 1890.

In 1922, Rebecca Felton, a Georgia Democrat, was chosen to become the first woman to serve in the U.S. Senate following the premature death of Sen. Thomas E. Watson.

In 1932, following 17 years of British rule, Iraq gained its independence from the United Kingdom and was admitted to the League of Nations.

In 1935, Italy invaded Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Ethiopian War. Italy's invasion of Ethiopia, a fellow member of the League of Nations, exposed the ineffectiveness of the League, and its inability to exert control over member nations when violating its own statutes.

In 1952, Britain successfully tested its first atomic bomb, becoming the world's third nuclear power.

In 1955, the children's TV show Captain Kangaroo with Bob Keeshan in the title role was broadcast for the first time.

In 1967, folksinger and songwriter Woody Guthrie died at the age of 55.

In 1972, U.S. President Richard Nixon and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko signed strategic arms limitation agreements, putting the first restrictions on the two countries' nuclear weapons.

In 1990, formerly communist East Germany merged with West Germany, ending 45 years of post-war division.

In 1992, Bill Gates, the college-dropout founder of Microsoft Corp., became the youngest person to top the Forbes magazine list of the 400 richest Americans, with a net worth of $6.3 billion.

In 1995, O.J. Simpson was acquitted of charges that he killed his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend, Ron Goldman. The trial, which had intense media coverage, lasted more than eight months.

In 2007, U.S. President George W. Bush vetoed a bill that would have increased funding of the State Children's Health Insurance Program to provide health coverage to more than 10 million children. Bush said the proposal was a move toward universal healthcare, which he opposed.

In 2011, American Amanda Knox was acquitted on appeal of murder in Perugia, Italy, two years after being convicted of killing her British roommate.

This Day In History- The O.J. Simpson Trial Was Sent To The Jury

Today in 1789,George Washington sent the proposed Constitutional amendments(what became the United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification.

Today in 1871,Mormon leader Brigham Young was arrested for bigamy.

Today in 1902,Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit"was first published. With more than 45-million copies sold, it remains one of the best selling books of all time.

Today in 1950,the "Peanuts" cartoon stripby Charles Schulz debuted. The strip ran until February 2000, but has continued in re-run form. His final comic? A three-panel offering, which included this note: “Dear Friends, I have been fortunate to draw Charlie Brown and his friends for almost fifty years. It has been the fulfillment of my childhood ambition. Unfortunately, I am no longer able to maintain the schedule demanded by a daily comic strip. My family does not wish "Peanuts" to be continued by anyone else, therefore I am announcing my retirement. I have been grateful over the years for the loyalty of our editors and the wonderful support and love expressed to me by fans of the comic strip. Charlie Brown, Snoopy, Linus, Lucy. how can I ever forget them. — Charles M. Schulz “

Today in 1959,Rod Serling’s "Twilight Zone"debuted on CBS-TV with the “Where Is Everybody” episode.

Today in 1967,Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as an associate justice of the US Supreme Court– he was the first black judge appointed to the nation's highest court.

Today in 1977,TV's "Rhoda"got divorced. Seen by some as a ratings grab (given the controversial nature of presenting the topic on prime time TV), others felt it doomed the series.

Today in 1985,screen legend Rock Hudson died of AIDS. Just 59, he was the first major celebrity to die of complications from the disease, which until then had been considered a “gay plague.”

Today in 1986,the episode of "Family Ties"featured Alex (Michael J. Fox) breaking up with his girlfriend (she was portrayed by actress Tracy Pollan, who later became Michael’s wife – and still is!). The NBC switchboard lit up with requests for the name of the tune, which was featured during the show. The song was “At This Moment” by Billy Vera & the Beaters.

Today in 1990,the Senate voted 90-to-9 to confirm the nomination of Judge David H. Souter to the Supreme Court.

Today in 1995,the O.J. Simpson trial was sent to the jury…and the panel stunned the courtroom and the nation by reaching verdicts in the sensational eight-month murder trial in less than four hours. The decision was kept secret until the following day, when it was announced that Simpson had been acquitted.

Today in 1999,the Brooklyn Museum of Art opened its much-hyped "Sensation" exhibit which had drawn controversy because of New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's move to cut off city funding to the museum. Giuliani objected to some of the artwork, which included a portrait of the Virgin Mary decorated with elephant dung.

Today in 2005,the NFL played its first regular season game outside the United States when the Arizona Cardinals defeat the San Francisco 49ers 31-14 in Mexico City, Mexico.

Today in 2009,Rio de Janeiro was elected the host city of the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics.

Today in 2017,American scientists Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young were awarded Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for work on the body clock.

Today in 2017,legendary musician Tom Petty died at a Los Angeles hospital at the age of 66, a day after suffering cardiac arrest at his home in Malibu, California.

This Day in Black History: July 9, 1947

On July 9, 1947, NFL legend and former actor O.J. Simpson was born in San Francisco. His fame as one of the NFL's greatest running backs would later be overshadowed by personal scandal. Most notably, the high-profile trial surrounding the murder of his ex-wife and her friend in 1994.

Born Orenthal James Simpson, he played football at Galileo High School before being awarded an athletic scholarship to the University of Southern California in Los Angeles in 1967. That year, he led the nation in rushing yards. The following year, he was awarded the Heisman Trophy, the Maxwell Award and the Walter Camp Award.

In 1969, Simpson was drafted to the Buffalo Bills. From 1972 to 1976, he won the NFL's rushing title four times. An injury cut Simpson's 1977 season short and he was traded to the San Francisco 49ers before the 1978 season. After his retirement in 1979, he had a successful run in acting, appearing in Roots and The Naked Gun trilogy, among other titles, and served as a sports commentator for NBC. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1985.

Also that year, Simpson married Nicole Brown and the couple had two children. However, the relationship was rocky, with O.J. Simpson pleading no contest to a domestic violence charge in 1989. The couple divorced in 1992. In 1994, O.J. Simpson would be charged with murdering Nicole Brown and her friend, Ronald Goldman. In what was dubbed "the trial of the century" in 1995, O.J. Simpson was acquitted of both the murders.

However, Simpson's personal life again took a turn for the worse in 2008, when he was convicted of armed robbery and kidnapping, among other charges, stemming from a sports memorabilia heist. He is currently serving a 33-year prison sentence at a Las Vegas facility.

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O.J. Simpson Was Acquitted for the Murder of Nicole Brown Simpson on This Day in 1995

The double murder of O.J. Simpson’s estranged wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend, Ronald Goldman turned into a sensational trial that made its mark in history.

The epic 11 month trial was ended once O.J.’s “dream team” convinced jurors that Simpson’s guilt had not been proved “beyond a reasonable doubt”. A single glove found outside of OJ’s home matched the glove found at the crime scene. O.J.’s blood was found on the glove from a wound that he had on his hand, as well as the blood of Nicole and Goldman. Her blood was also found on a sock inside of O.J.’s estate. Additionally, he purchased a “Stilleto” knife, which is believed to be the murder weapon.

Notable defense attorney Johnnie Cochran encouraged the prosecutor to have O.J. put on the glove found at the crime scene. Many were skeptical arguing that the glove shrunk after examinations and being drenched in blood. However, Cochran was sure that the glove didn’t belong to his client and made one point that resonated with the jury, “If it doesn’t fit, you must acquit”.

This day in History.

At the end of a sensational trial, former football star O.J. Simpson is acquitted of the brutal 1994 double murder of his estranged wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend, Ronald Goldman. In the epic 252-day trial, Simpson's "dream team" of lawyers employed creative and controversial methods to convince jurors that Simpson's guilt had not been proved "beyond a reasonable doubt," thus surmounting what the prosecution called a "mountain of evidence" implicating him as the murderer.

Orenthal James Simpson--a Heisman Trophy winner, star running back with the Buffalo Bills, and popular television personality--married Nicole Brown in 1985. He reportedly regularly abused his wife and in 1989 pleaded no contest to a charge of spousal battery. In 1992, she left him and filed for divorce. On the night of June 12, 1994, Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were stabbed and slashed to death in the front yard of Mrs. Simpson's condominium in Brentwood, Los Angeles. By June 17, police had gathered enough evidence to charge O.J. Simpson with the murders.

Simpson had no alibi for the time frame of the murders. Some 40 minutes after the murders were committed, a limousine driver sent to take Simpson to the airport saw a man in dark clothing hurrying up the drive of his Rockingham estate. A few minutes later, Simpson spoke to the driver though the gate phone and let him in. During the previous 25 minutes, the driver had repeatedly called the house and received no answer.

A single leather glove found outside Simpson's home matched a glove found at the crime scene. In preliminary DNA tests, blood found on the glove was shown to have come from Simpson and the two victims. After his arrest, further DNA tests would confirm this finding. Simpson had a wound on his hand, and his blood was a DNA match to drops found at the Brentwood crime scene. Nicole Brown Simpson's blood was discovered on a pair of socks found at the Rockingham estate. Simpson had recently purchased a "Stiletto" knife of the type the coroner believed was used by the killer. Shoe prints in the blood at Brentwood matched Simpson's shoe size and later were shown to match a type of shoe he had owned. Neither the knife nor shoes were found by police.

On June 17, a warrant was put out for Simpson's arrest, but he refused to surrender. Just before 7 p.m., police located him in a white Ford Bronco being driven by his friend, former teammate Al Cowlings. Cowlings refused to pull over and told police over his cellular phone that Simpson was suicidal and had a gun to his head. Police agreed not to stop the vehicle by force, and a low-speed chase ensued. Los Angeles news helicopters learned of the event unfolding on their freeways, and live television coverage began. As millions watched, the Bronco was escorted across Los Angeles by a phalanx of police cars. Just before 8 p.m., the dramatic journey ended when Cowlings pulled into the Rockingham estate. After an hour of tense negotiation, Simpson emerged from the vehicle and surrendered. In the vehicle was found a travel bag containing, among other things, Simpson's passport, a disguise kit consisting of a fake moustache and beard, and a revolver. Three days later, Simpson appeared before a judge and pleaded not guilty.

Simpson's subsequent criminal trial was a sensational media event of unprecedented proportions. It was the longest trial ever held in California, and courtroom television cameras captured the carnival-like atmosphere of the proceedings. The prosecution's mountain of evidence was systemically called into doubt by Simpson's team of expensive attorneys, who made the dramatic case that their client was framed by unscrupulous and racist police officers. Citing the questionable character of detective Mark Fuhrman and alleged blunders in the police investigation, defense lawyers painted Simpson as yet another African American victim of the white judicial system. The jurors' reasonable doubt grew when the defense spent weeks attacking the damning DNA evidence, arguing in overly technical terms that delays and other anomalies in the gathering of evidence called the findings into question. Critics of the trial accused Judge Lance Ito of losing control of his courtroom.

In polls, a majority of African Americans believed Simpson to be innocent of the crime, while white America was confident of his guilt. However, the jury--made up of nine African Americans, two whites, and one Hispanic--was not so divided they took just four hours of deliberation to reach the verdict of not guilty on both murder charges. On October 3, 1995, an estimated 140 million Americans listened in on radio or watched on television as the verdict was delivered.

In February 1997, Simpson was found liable for several charges related to the murders in a civil trial and was forced to award $33.5 million in compensatory and punitive damages to the victims' families. However, with few assets remaining after his long and costly legal battle, he has avoided paying the damages. In September 2007, Simpson was again arrested on felony robbery charges related to the theft of sports memorabilia in Las Vegas.

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This Day In History- Elvis Presley Made His First Public Performance

Today in 1863,President Lincoln officially declared the last Thursday in November to be Thanksgiving Day.

Today in 1902,President Theodore Roosevelt threatened to start using army troops to work coalmines, which had been on strike since May 12th. This brings the owners to agree to abide by a Commission of Arbitration.

Today in 1945,Elvis Presley made his first public performance at the age of ten, in a talent show at the Mississippi-Alabama Dairy show. He sang the song “Old Shep” and came in second place, earning a prize of five dollars.

Today in 1974,Frank Robinson was named major-league baseball's first black manager as he was placed in charge of the Cleveland Indians.

Today in 1989,Art Shell became the first African-American head coach in the modern NFL when he took over the Los Angeles Raiders.

Today in 1995,it was announced that O.J. Simpson was officially acquitted of the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman. The verdict drew a record TV audience share of 91% of all TVs in use at that time with 107.7-million people (57% of the population) making a rating of 42.9-watching. The verdict had actually come down the day before, but was withheld.

Today in 1997,Attorney General Janet Reno said she had found no evidence that President Clinton had broken the lawwith White House coffees and overnight stays for big contributors.

Today in 2008,the $700-billion bailout bill for the US financial system was signed by President George W. Bush.

Today in 2008,J. Simpson was found guilty of robbing two sports-memorabilia dealers at gunpoint in a Las Vegas hotel room. (Simpson was later sentenced to nine to 33 years in prison he was granted parole in July 2017 and released from prison in October of that year.)

Today in 2014,83-million accounts were compromised after a cyber attack on JP Morgan Chase & 9 other financial institutions. It was later revealed that a neglected server provided access for hackers.

Today in 2015,American airstrikes hit a Doctors Without Borders hospital in Kunduz, Afghanistan, killing 42. It was later deemed to be the result of human error.

Today in 2017,President Trump visited Puerto Rico, which had been devastated by Hurricane Maria…infamously lobbing paper towels at survivors.

Today in 2018,the first exomoon, moon outside the solar system,was discovered eight-thousand years away (size of Neptune) by astronomers at Columbia University.

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